What is Human Resource Management (HRM)? Importance, Objectives 


Every organization uses a large variety of resources to make things work out. It doesn’t matter whatever industry you’re working with, and they all have one thing in common is that you have to work with people in order to make capital. Today, we’ll discuss what is human resource management (HRM); its importance, objectives, and how it works.

What is Human Resource Management (HRM)?

Human resource management is the process of hiring, recruiting, deploying, and managing the workforce (manpower) of the company. HRM in the short form goes by the name of HR. The HR department of the company has the responsibility of developing and managing employees’ policies and their relationship with the company.

HRM is the process of managing employees and considering them as the asset of the company, and some call it human capital in this context. Just like other assets of the company, the objective is to utilize employees efficiently and effectively in order to increase the ROI (return on investment) and lower the risk.

The modern technological term for HRM is HCM (human capital management). Many companies (big/small/midsize) are adopting the term HCM, and other companies are using the software to manage their business.

Importance of HRM

The role of HRM is to manage employees and manpower in the workplace in order to reinforce the culture and company’s mission. If HR managers perform their roles effectively in terms of recruiting new employees that have the skills and expertise to help the company to achieve its goals. You can assist the program by offering training and development to the existing employees in order to reach goals.

The company is only good if its employees and HRMS are performing well in terms of maintaining the health of the company. HR managers could only help the company to remain competitive. It comprises defining job roles relevant to the market, planning events to keep them safe from burning out, and fair benefits and compensation.

How HRM Works 

Human resource management works with HR professionals, and they’re responsible for executing various HR functions daily. Every organization has a specialized HR department. The nature, structure, and size of HR departments vary from company to company.

It’s not common among small organizations to have a long list of HR professionals and generalists in order to perform a wide range of HR operations. HR professionals have got more specialized roles in large organizations, and they perform functions like compensation, benefits, talent management, visa handling, immigration, and recruitment. Some of the HR roles and jobs are specialized, and their job functions would overlap with one another.

Some of the main HR job positions are as follows;

  • HR Analytics Manager
  • HR Technology Processing Project Program Manager
  • Learning & Development Manager
  • Talent Management
  • Benefits Manager
  • Compensation Manager
  • Accommodation and LoA Specialist
  • Immigration Specialist
  • Recruiting Manager
  • Recruiter
  • Source
  • Recruitment Coordinator
  • HR Manager
  • The HR Business Partner
  • HR Assistant

Objectives of HRM

Some of the main objectives of HRM are as follows;

Societal Goals

Taking precautionary measures in response to social and ethical challenges and needs that are impacting the employees and the company; and consist of equal pay for equal work, equal opportunity, and legal issues

Organizational Goals

Taking such actions in order to make sure the efficiency of the company; and comprise of maintaining the employee retention rate, hiring the right employees for the specific project, and offering training

Functional Goals

Setting guidelines in order to run and maintain various functions within the organization, and comprises allocating HR resources in such a way that they reach their fullest potential

Personal Goals

Allocating resources in such a way that support the personal goals and objectives of employees; comprises providing the opportunity for career development and continuing education and maintaining the satisfaction of employees.

Some of the unit HRM objectives of the company are as follows;

  • Assisting the company to achieve its goals and objectives by maintaining the productivity of the employees
  • Efficiently utilizing the abilities and skills of all the employees
  • Ensuring that the employees have got the proper training and development
  • Building and maintaining a positive employee experience, so that they live a quality of life, and well-satisfied employees could contribute their best effort in the work
  • Imparting company’s regulations, rules, procedures, and policies effectively
  • Developing socially, legally, and ethically responsible behavior and policies in the workplace
  • Effectively managing the change of external factors that would impact the employees in the company

Skills & Responsibilities

The skills and responsibilities of an HR manager are as follows;

  • Recruiting, onboarding, and retaining employees
  • Workforce and talent management
  • Career development and job role assignment
  • Benefits and compensation
  • Complying with labor laws
  • Performance management
  • Training and development
  • Succession planning
  • Recognition and employee engagement
  • Team building

Some of the skills that contribute to the HR role are as follows;

  • Project management
  • Customer service
  • Performance management
  • Experience in Information System and HR Software
  • Onboarding new employees
  • Interpersonal conflict management
  • Recruiting and sourcing
  • Job candidate relations
  • Employee relations

Conclusion: What is Human Resource Management (HRM)? Importance & Objectives 

After an in-depth study of what is human resource management (HRM); its importance, objectives, skills and responsibilities, and how it works; we’ve realized that HRM is an important department of the company. If you’re developing the HR department of your organization, then you should keep in mind the abovementioned guidelines.

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